Scientists discovered the evidence of atleast 2 billion years of volcanic activity on Red Planet. On analyzing the Martian Meteorite, which was found in 2012 in Africa, it is confirms that some of the longest-lived volcanoes in the solar system may be found on the Mars.
Moreover, it is found that Volcanoes of the Mars are many times bigger in comparison to volcanoes on Earth. Olympus Mons, the largest Martian volcano, is nearly 27.3 kilometers high. Almost triple the height of Earth’s tallest volcano, Mauna Kea, at 10 kilometers.
According to Tom Lapen, a geology professor at the University of Houston, the new finding offers a fresh insight into How the Mars evolved as a planet and its history of volcanic activity. Furthermore, from the finding, researchers learned a lot about the composition of volcanoes on Mars from meteorites. It also provides more information about its source, age and the time it spent in space as well as on Earth. The study was published in the journal Science Advances.
Meteorite found in 2012 and it is known as Northwest Africa 7635. It was a Shergottite. The meteor get this name from the place where it was recovered, Sherghati, India. It crystallized as recently as 180 million years ago.
Eleven of these Martian meteorites, with similar chemical composition and ejection time, have also been found.Together, these meteorites provide information about a single location on Mars
“We see that they came from a similar volcanic source,” Lapen said. “Given that they also have the same ejection time, we can conclude that these come from the same location on Mars.”